Special considerations - ADHD
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder


Definition:

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADD/ADHD) is a chronic neurological condition characterized by problems with attention, focusing and persistence and often, but not always, hyperactivity. ADD/ADHD must be diagnosed by a medical doctor, psychiatrist or licensed psychologist and sometimes medication is prescribed.

Characteristics

Classroom Skills:

  • Difficulty paying attention when spoken to, inconsistent concentration.
  • Has trouble listening to a lecture and taking notes at the same time.
  • Is easily distracted by background noise or visual stimulation, unable to pay attention, may appear to be hurried in one-to-one meetings.
  • Difficulty memorizing basic facts.


Study Skills:

  • Difficulty reading or comprehending word problems.
  • Compositions lack organization and development of ideas.
  • Trouble sustaining attention. Restless, fidgety. Lacks attention to details.
  • Forgets things, loses or leaves positions. Difficulty following instructions.
  • Impatient and easily frustrated. For many students the harder they try the worse their symptoms become.


Social Skills:

  • Easily overwhelmed by tasks of daily living. Poor organization and time management. Difficulty completing projects. Inconsistent work performance. Trouble maintaining an organized work area.
  • Makes decisions impulsively. Difficulty delaying gratification, stimulation seeking. Makes comments without considering their impact.


Suggestions:

Many of the suggestions outlined in the section on Learning Disabilities are applicable to students with ADD.

Accommodations:

Upon determination of eligibility for services, students may be entitled to receive one or more of the following accommodations:

  • Learning Strategies 
  • Testing Accommodations - Extended time on exams
  • Note Taking Services
  • FM system
  • Alternate Media
  • Reduced academic course loads.

 

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