Individualized assessment to determine eligibility for academic accommodations is
available at DVC. Students are either referred by professors, rehabilitation counselors,
or are self-referred. Only DVC students enrolled in a minimum of six (6) units are eligible for LD testing. The process for referring students from your classes is described in the section
How to Refer a Student for Support Services.
According to the Title 5 regulations which govern the California Community Colleges,
the definition of a learning disability is as follows: Learning disability in California Community College adults is a persistent condition
of presumed neurological dysfunction which may also exist with other disabling conditions.
This dysfunction continues despite instruction in standard classroom situations. Learning
disabled adults, a heterogeneous group, have these common attributes:
average to above average intellectual ability;
severe processing deficit;
severe aptitude-achievement discrepancy(ies); and
measured achievement in an instructional or employment setting.
Confusion of similar words, difficulty using phonics, problems reading multi-syllable
Difficulty finding important points or main ideas
Slow reading rate and/or difficulty adjusting speed to the nature of the reading task
Difficulty with comprehension and retention of material that is read, but not with
materials presented orally
Difficulty with sentence structure, poor grammar, omitted words
Frequent spelling errors, inconsistent spelling, letter reversals
Difficulty copying from chalkboard
Poorly formed handwriting - may print instead of using script; write with inconsistent
slant; have difficulty with certain letters, space words unevenly
Compositions lacking organization and development of ideas
Has trouble listening to a lecture and taking notes at the same time
Is easily distracted by background noise or visual stimulation, unable to pay attention;
may appear to be hurried in one-to-one meetings
Problems describing events or stories in proper sequence;
Problems with grammar;
Using a similar sounding word in place of the appropriate one.
Difficulty memorizing basic facts
Confusion or reversal of numbers, number sequences or symbols
Difficulty copying problems, aligning columns
Difficulty reading or comprehending word problems
Problems with reasoning and abstract concepts
Exhibits an inability to stick to simple schedules, repeatedly forgets things, loses
or leaves possessions, and generally seems "personally disorganized."
Difficulty following directions
Poor organization and time management
Problems interpreting subtle messages, such as sarcasm or humor;
Seems disorganized in space - confuses up and down, right and left, gets lost in buildings,
is disoriented when familiar environment is rearranged;
Seems disoriented in time, i.e. is often late to class, unusually early for appointments
or unable to finish assignments in the standard time period;
Displays excessive anxiety, anger, or depression because of the inability to cope
with school or social situations.
Suggestions for Helping Students with Learning Disabilities (and ALL Students) to Succeed in the Classroom